Radiocarbon chronology of Holocene glacial and climatic events in southeastern Altai (Central Asia)

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2012

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.rgg.2012.04.004

Ключевые слова: mountain-valley glaciation, stages of ice advance, moraines, climatic dynamics, Holocene, radiocarbon chronology, North Chuya Ridge, Altai, Altai, Climatic dynamics, Holocene, Moraines, Mountain-valley glaciation, North chuya ridge, Radiocarbon chronology, Stages of ice advance, aridification, dendrochronology, geochronology, glacial history, glaciation, glacier advance, ice mechanics, moraine, neotectonics, paleoclimate, radiocarbon dating, Altai Mountains, Altay [Russian Federation], Chuya Alps, Russian Federation

Аннотация: The geomorphological studies and radiocarbon dating of moraine complexes and the tree line within the North Chuya Ridge, along with active slope processes, soil formation, and peat formation in southeastern Gorny Altai, constrain the age of the main glacial and climatic events in this area at 7 ka to the first half of the 19th century. It is for the first time in the history of Altai studies that 57 absolute dates were obtained for glaciation in a vast but climatically and neotectonically homogeneous area. The new data refute the conventional idea that the Holocene glaciation in this mountain land comprised eight stages of the gradual retreat of the Late Wurm (Sartan) glaciation. Also, they evidence that glaciation in the upper parts of the troughs retreated almost completely no later than 7 ka and valley glaciers in southeastern Altai were activated many times in the second half of the Holocene. Data are given on the morphology and age of three moraine generations reflected in the topography. A combination of temperature minima and humidity maxima led to a catastrophically rapid and the largest (up to 5-6 km) ice advance at the Akkem Stage (4.9-4.2 ka). In addition to the radiocarbon data, the time limits of the Historical stage (2.3-1.7 ka) were defined more precisely using dendrochronological and archaeological data from Scythian burials of Pazyryk culture in SE Altai. The moraines closest to the present-day glaciers formed at the Aktru Stage (late 13th-middle 19th century). During warm interglacials, the glaciers waned considerably or retreated completely and the zone of recent glaciation was reforested. As a result of progressive aridization in the Holocene, the glaciers in southeastern Altai waned at each successive stage, and their mass balance was not positive during the greatest temperature minimum of the last millennium (middle 19th century). (C) 2012, V.S. Sobolev IGM, Siberian Branch of the RAS. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Издание

Журнал: RUSSIAN GEOLOGY AND GEOPHYSICS

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 53, Is. 6

Номера страниц: 546-565

ISSN журнала: 10687971

Место издания: AMSTERDAM

Издатель: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

Авторы

  • Agatova A.R. (V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy,Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences)
  • Nepop R.K. (V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy,Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences)
  • Orlova L.A. (V.S. Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy,Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences)
  • Nazarov A.N. (Siberian Federal University)

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