Experimental study on the performance of a rotational supercavitating evaporator for desalination

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2014

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1007/s11431-014-5631-0

Ключевые слова: desalination, cavitation technology, thermal method, steam extraction, regression analysis, Atmospheric movements, Atmospheric pressure, Evaporators, Extraction, Flow of water, Impellers, Water filtration, Engineering design, Experimental research, Performance characteristics, Regression equation, Responsive capacities, Supercavitation, Thermal methods, Steam

Аннотация: Efforts have been made on experimental research of a supercavitation device for desalination, which is named rotational supercavitating evaporator (RSCE). The RSCE is characterised by the simple construction and responsive capacity control, and only requires rough filtration of the source water for scaling- and fouling-free operations. The present study has been conducted for the water flow at temperature of around 22-30 degrees C and atmospheric pressure as the first step for investigation of the performance characteristics of RSCE. The multiply factor extremal experiments conducted with the Box-Wilson's method have revealed the salinity of the condensate, the temperature of steam inside the supercavity, and dependence of the shape of supercavity on the rate of steam extraction and rotation speed of impeller. The shape of impeller and the expected supercavitating effects it generates have been confirmed by experimental results at the rotation speed of 5430 rpm (round per minute). The design of the steam extraction openings has been approved during the evacuation of steam. The experimental dependencies have been obtained in form of statistically valid regression equations, which can be used for engineering design of RSCE.

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Издание

Журнал: SCIENCE CHINA-TECHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 57, Is. 11

Номера страниц: 2115-2130

ISSN журнала: 16747321

Место издания: BEIJING

Издатель: SCIENCE PRESS

Авторы

  • Likhachev D.S. (School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology)
  • Li F.C. (School of Energy Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology)
  • Kulagin V.A. (Department of Heat Technology and Fluid Dynamics, Siberian Federal University)

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