Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2018
Идентификатор DOI: 10.1007/s00484-017-1496-9
Ключевые слова: Crops yield variability, Temperature, Precipitation, Hydrothermal coefficient, South Siberia
Аннотация: We investigated the variability of yield of the three main crop cultures in the Khakassia Republic: spring wheat, spring barley, and oats. In terms of yield values, variability characteristics, and climatic response, the agricultural territory of Khakassia can be divided into three zones: (1) the Northern Zone, where crops yield has a high positive response to the amount of precipitation, May-July, and a moderately negative one to the temperatures of the same period; (2) the Central Zone, where crops yield depends mainly on temperatures; and (3) the Southern Zone, where climate has the least expressed impact on yield. The dominant pattern in the crops yield is caused by water stress during periods of high temperatures and low moisture supply with heat stress as additional reason. Differences between zones are due to combinations of temperature latitudinal gradient, precipitation altitudinal gradient, and the presence of a well-developed hydrological network and the irrigational system as moisture sources in the Central Zone. More detailed analysis shows differences in the climatic sensitivity of crops during phases of their vegetative growth and grain development and, to a lesser extent, during harvesting period. Multifactor linear regression models were constructed to estimate climate- and autocorrelation-induced variability of the crops yield. These models allowed prediction of the possibility of yield decreasing by at least 2-11% in the next decade due to increasing of the regional summer temperatures.
Журнал: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY
Выпуск журнала: Vol. 62, Is. 6
Номера страниц: 939-948
ISSN журнала: 00207128
Место издания: NEW YORK
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