The "vast process of social construction" in Siberia during World War I

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2014

Ключевые слова: Civil society, Human resources, People in need, Refugee, Russia, Siberia, Victims of war, Voluntary social associations

Аннотация: The rise of patriotism in the first years of World War I in Russia was quite significant and was revealed in an increase in the number and quality of various social institutions. Social institutions contributed to the articulation and realisation of people's various interests, as well as to the solution of national problems. From the point of view of social needs and community interests, the work of these institutions remains understudied. On the basis of documents held in central and regional archives - both previously published and those new to academia - this article reviews the influence of war and wartime factors on the creation of social institutions and the direction of their work. Using the example of Siberia, the processes involved in the formation of a system of social institutions to assist victims of World War I are analysed. Important traits of social institutions include the absence of commercial aims in their structure, their informal and voluntary character, and their orientation towards meeting personal needs in the social sphere. The term "war victim" (those who have suffered in military actions) is applied to people who did not directly participate in military conflict (refugees, evicted people, families of wounded and dead soldiers, wives, widows and orphans of army officers) or to people who were forced to cease participation (wounded and sick soldiers, prisoners-ofwar). The social institutions studied are classified according to their scale, aims and the national groups they served. Based on specific historic material, it is shown that the initial stage of the war saw an increase in the quantity of social institutions and the number of people who worked in the charitable sphere. This was of special significance for Siberia, which was thousands of kilometres away from the battle lines.

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Издание

Журнал: Terra Sebus

Номера страниц: 245-258

ISSN журнала: 20669143

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