Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2016
Идентификатор DOI: 10.1134/S106741361603005X
Ключевые слова: decline of conifers, spruce stands, water stress, climate change, Belarus, Belarus, climate change, decline of conifers, spruce stands, water stress
Аннотация: The decline of spruce stands in Belarus has been analyzed in relation to the dynamics of climatic variables. The results show that this process is correlated with the amount of precipitation, moisture deficit, index of aridity, relative air humidity, and evapotranspiration. Frosts at the onset of the growing season enhance tree die-off, while increase in cloud cover has a favorable effect on the state of spruce stands. Damage to trees occurs mainly in areas with elevated and convex topography and slopes of southwestern aspect, increasing on steeper slopes. The level of die-off is most closely correlated with conditions of the previous year, which is explained by the impact of biological factors (pest insects and phytopathogens) on tree stands already affected by water stress. The decline of spruce stands on a mass scale is also observed in neighboring regions of Russia and counties of East Europe, which is evidence for a low adaptability of spruce to current climate change, including the increasing frequency and severity of dry periods.
Журнал: RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY
Выпуск журнала: Vol. 47, Is. 3
Номера страниц: 241-248
ISSN журнала: 10674136
Место издания: NEW YORK
Издатель: MAIK NAUKA/INTERPERIODICA/SPRINGER
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