Climatic deviations as a factor of social disruption (on the example of the krasnoyarsk territory in the 1940s) | Научно-инновационный портал СФУ

Climatic deviations as a factor of social disruption (on the example of the krasnoyarsk territory in the 1940s)

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2020

Ключевые слова: conversion, frost, hunger, krasnoyarsk territory, peasantry, siberia

Аннотация: Significant deviations of climatic conditions in Siberia in the middle of the 20th century caused serious social disruption in the region. Analysis of the influence of weather phenomena of the 1940s on the socio-economic changes in the country as exemplified by the Krasnoyarsk Territory as the geographical centre of Russia, revealed a number of significant consequences. An indicator of climatic calamities of 1945-1947, primarily droughts and early frosts, was social disasters, expressed in the spread of hunger, dystrophy, deterioration in the state of health of the population, an increase in the number of children in orphanages, and activation of the deviant behaviour of some residents. The socio-economic consequences of climatic deviations resulted in the recognition of the necessity for accelerated development of agricultural engineering by the authorities, including the use of agricultural science, the use of mineral fertilizers, the spread of new crops to minimize the negative impact of weather deviations on social life in the future. The practical significance of the empirical and analytical material of the paper may lie in its use for writing synthetical works on the effects of climate on social processes, teaching general and special courses in universities, and application in managerial practice to avoid mistakes of predecessors. © 2020 Transilvanian Association for the Literarure and Culture of Romanian People (ASTRA). All rights reserved.

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Издание

Журнал: Astra Salvensis

Номера страниц: 87-103

ISSN журнала: 23934727

Авторы

  • Malyutina L.F. (Department of Russian History, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Gergilev D.N. (Department of Russian History, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Gryaznukhin A.G. (Department of Russian History, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Gryaznukhina T.V. (Department of Cultural Studies and Art History, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)

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