Comparison of rapid methods used to determine the concentration, size structure and species composition of algae | Научно-инновационный портал СФУ

Comparison of rapid methods used to determine the concentration, size structure and species composition of algae

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2021

Идентификатор DOI: 10.17516/1997-1389-0338

Ключевые слова: flow cytometry, fluorescence, microscopy, particle counter, phytoplankton, size distribution

Аннотация: Traditionally, the abundance, cell size distribution and species identification of algae are determined by microscopic counts. In recent years, various rapid methods have been developed for routine algal studies. However, each of these methods has its drawbacks. It is important for aquatic ecologists to understand the advantages, disadvantages, and limitations of these methods. We compared the sensitivity of three rapid methods (multichannel fluorimeter FluoroProbe, imaging flow cytometer FlowCam, and CASY particle counter) to changes in cell abundance of three algae species (Chlorella vulgaris Beyerinck, Arthrospira platensis Gomont, and Nostoc sp.). We also assessed the ability of rapid methods to estimate the cell abundance of different species in the mixed samples. All instruments showed high sensitivity to changes in the cell abundance of different algae species and a mixture of these species. Any one of these methods, once calibrated, can be reliably used to estimate the abundance of a single-species/laboratory culture of microalgae. At the same time, FlowCam, without preliminary calibration, recorded the cell abundance closest to microscopic counts. When analysing a mixture of three microalgae differing in their cell sizes and spectral characteristics, FluoroProbe showed the highest accuracy in assessing the proportions of species in the mixture and FlowCam - in assessing their abundance. To study mixtures of algae and/or natural phytoplankton communities, it is advisable to use jointly a flow cytometer and a multichannel fluorimeter. The images of algae saved by the flow cytometer, if necessary, can be used to identify them, with a certain accuracy, to the species. Information on cells size and spectral characteristics obtained by two methods will be detailed enough to perform such common tasks as studying trophic interactions between phyto- and zooplankton or creating warning systems to inform of unwanted blooms of phytoplankton and their individual groups (for example, cyanobacteria). © Siberian Federal University. All rights reserved.

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Издание

Журнал: Journal of Siberian Federal University - Biology

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 14, Is. 1

Номера страниц: 5-27

ISSN журнала: 19971389

Издатель: Siberian Federal University

Авторы

  • Zadereev E.S. (Institute of Biophysics SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Drobotov A.V. (Institute of Biophysics SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Lopatina T.S. (Institute of Biophysics SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Ovchinnikov S.D. (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)
  • Tolomeev A.P. (Institute of Biophysics SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation, Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)

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