Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2020
Идентификатор DOI: 10.3390/sym12081317
Ключевые слова: fluctuating asymmetry, developmental instability, silver birch, betula pendula, traffic load, complex anthropogenic impact, urban area
Аннотация: The fluctuating asymmetry (FA) inBetula pendulaRoth was estimated as an integrated measure of five morphometric characteristics of a lamina. Samples were collected in seven cities that differ both in climatic conditions, moderately to sharply continental. In total, 33 ecotopes were distinguished with various level of anthropogenic load. The statistical data processing involved correlation, one-way and factorial ANOVA, regression analyses, and principal component analysis (PCA). The impact of 25 climatic and anthropogenic factors on the FA value was considered. In most urban ecotopes, the integrated fluctuating asymmetry (IFA) value was higher than in natural biotopes of the same region. No significant inter-annual differences in IFA values were found. FA dependence on traffic load is noted to be statistically significant. The covariation analysis of IFA, climatic, and anthropogenic variables in various urban ecotopes revealed the impact of three groups of factors that together explain 93% of the variance in environmental parameters. The complex analysis clearly arranged the studied ecotopes by pollution gradient and climatic patterns. The primary effect of the total anthropogenic load on the developmental stability ofB. pendularesults in an IFA increase. IFA can play a key role in bioindication assessment of environmental quality. The climatic factors have no significant effect on the developmental stability ofB. pendulain urban conditions.
Выпуск журнала: Vol. 12, Is. 8
Номера страниц: 1317
ISSN журнала: 20738994
Место издания: BASEL
Вхождение в базы данных
Информация о публикациях загружается с сайта службы поддержки публикационной активности СФУ. Сообщите, если заметили неточности.