Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2014
Идентификатор DOI: 10.1007/s10750-013-1684-5
Ключевые слова: Saline rivers, Chironomid larvae, Secondary production, Essential fatty acids, arid environment, biochemical composition, emergence, fatty acid, fly, landscape, larva, primary production, salinity, Russian Federation, Volgograd [Russian Federation]
Аннотация: Saline rivers are supposed to be 'hot spots' of high biological productivity in arid landscapes. To test this, we quantified the production of chironomid larvae, because river production is known to be transferred to arid landscapes primarily by birds fed on these larvae. In addition, we studied the potential biochemical quality of the larvae for birds based on the essential highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA) contents in their biomass. We studied species composition and measured production of chironomid larvae in two saline rivers (Volgograd region, Russia). We also evaluated the fatty acid composition and contents of the dominant taxa and estimated the flux of HUFA from the studied saline rivers to land via chironomid potential emergence. Average monthly production of chironomids measured for only 1 month, August, was quite comparable to annual production in some freshwater rivers. All the dominant chironomid larvae had comparatively high essential eicosapentaenoic acid contents, especially Cricotopus salinophilus, which showed the highest value, reported for Chironomidae. The monthly flux of HUFA from the studied rivers to land due to the chironomid potential emergence was roughly comparable to the global average estimation of annual water-land HUFA export via emerging insects.
Выпуск журнала: Vol. 722, Is. 1
Номера страниц: 115-128
ISSN журнала: 00188158
Место издания: DORDRECHT
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