Composition and structure of calcium aluminosilicate microspheres : научное издание | Научно-инновационный портал СФУ

Composition and structure of calcium aluminosilicate microspheres : научное издание

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2017

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1134/S0040601517060064

Ключевые слова: composition, High-calcium fly ash, microspheres, structure

Аннотация: The composition was studied of calcium aluminosilicate microspheres of three morphological types in high-calcium fly ash from combustion of brown coal from the Kansk-Achinsk basin in slag-tap boilers at temperatures from 1400 to 1500°С and sampled in the first field of electrostatic precipitators at the Krasnoyarsk Cogeneration Power Station no. 2 (TETs-2). Gross compositions and the composition of local areas were determined using a scanning electron microscopy technique and an energy-dispersive analysis with full mapping of globules. With a high content of basic oxides Oох (68 to 79 wt %) and a low content of acid oxides Kох (21 to 31 wt %), type 1 microspheres are formed. They consist of heterogeneous areas having a porous structure and crystalline components in which the content of CaO, SiO2, or Al2O3 differs by two to three times and the content of MgO differs by seven times. With a lower content of Oох (55 to 63 wt %) and an elevated content of Kох (37 to 45 wt %), type 2 microspheres are formed. They are more homogeneous in the composition and structure and consist of similar crystalline components. Having a close content of Oох (46 to 53 wt %) and Kох (47 to 54 wt %), type 3 microspheres, which are a dense matter consisting of amorphous substance with submicron- and nanostructure of crystalline components, are formed. The basic precursor in formation of high-calcium aluminosilicate microspheres is calcium from the organomineral matter of coals with various contribution of Mg, Fe, S, or Na from the coal organic matter and Al, Fe, S, or Si in the form of single mineral inclusions in a coal particle. On the basis of the available data, the effect was analyzed of the composition of a CaO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2–FeO system on the melting and viscous properties of the matter in microspheres and formation of globules of different morphology. The results of this analysis will help to find a correlation with properties of microspheres in their use as functional microaggregates in cement or polymeric composite materials, or in the production of ceramic membranes or zeolite sorbents.

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Издание

Журнал: Thermal Engineering

Выпуск журнала: Т. 64, 6

Номера страниц: 415-421

ISSN журнала: 00406015

Место издания: Москва

Издатель: Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. (Плеадес Паблишинг, Лтд)

Авторы

  • Sharonova O.M. (Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology,Siberian Branch,Russian Academy of Sciences)
  • Zhizhaev A.M. (Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology,Siberian Branch,Russian Academy of Sciences)
  • Oreshkina N.A. (Siberian Federal University)

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