Cell wall dimensions reign supreme: cell wall composition is irrelevant for the temperature signal of latewood density/blue intensity in Scots pine | Научно-инновационный портал СФУ

Cell wall dimensions reign supreme: cell wall composition is irrelevant for the temperature signal of latewood density/blue intensity in Scots pine

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2021

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2020.125785

Ключевые слова: blue reflectance, dendroanatomy, lignin content, palaeoclimatology, x-ray density

Аннотация: Many microdensitometric techniques are available for deriving maximum latewood density (MXD), which is the state-of-the-art proxy parameter for local to hemispheric-scale temperature reconstructions of the last millennium. Techniques based on X-ray radiation and visible light reflection, such as “blue intensity” (BI), integrate both the density/composition and the dimensions of the cell walls to derive microdensitometric data. In contrast, the dendroanatomical technique relies only on the dimensions of the cell walls. It is therefore possible to isolate cell wall variables by subtracting data derived using the dendroanatomical technique from data derived using X-ray and BI-based techniques. In this study, we explore differences in well-replicated data from parallel X-ray, BI, and dendroanatomical measurements of temperature-sensitive Pinus sylvestris trees from northern Finland. We aim to determine whether cell wall density is critical to the success of X-ray-based MXD, and whether the BI-based parameter counterpart, here termed MXBI, contains useful information about the composition of the cell wall (specifically the lignin). Our results indicate that cell wall density and cell wall BI have no relevant influence on MXD and MXBI measurements. Even in years with severely reduced lignification, identified as so-called “blue rings”, dendroanatomical MXD (aMXD) measurements do not deviate significantly from their MXD or MXBI counterparts. Moreover, derived chronologies of cell wall density and cell wall BI contain no significant climate signals when correlated with local climate. Maximum latewood density of conifers can thus be obtained without bias using the dendroanatomical technique. Because lignin content appears to play a negligible role for cell wall BI, the cell wall BI likely presents the biggest challenge when producing unbiased MXBI data. This is because BI data is notorious for cell wall color distortion across the heartwood and sapwood, and between living wood and dead wood, and may therefore distort the otherwise strong link with wood density on multidecadal scales. © 2020 The Authors

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Издание

Журнал: Dendrochronologia

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 65

Номера страниц: 125785

ISSN журнала: 11257865

Издатель: Elsevier GmbH

Авторы

  • Bjorklund Jesper (Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Fonti Marina (Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland; Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Svobodny Pr 79, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Fonti Patrick (Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Van den Bulcke Jan (Univ Ghent, Dept Environm, Lab Wood Technol, Fac Biosci Engn,UGent Woodlab, Ghent, Belgium; Univ Ghent, Ctr Xray Tomog UGCT, Ghent, Belgium)
  • von Arx Georg (Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland)

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