Тип публикации: доклад, тезисы доклада, статья из сборника материалов конференций
Конференция: 2nd International Scientific Conference on Metrological Support of Innovative Technologies, ICMSIT 2020
Год издания: 2020
Идентификатор DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1515/5/052046
Аннотация: Emergency oil spills during main pipeline transportation have an extremely negative impact on the ecosystem. It is not possible to estimate the effects of oil spills, because oil is a product of long period decay. Oil pollution compromises processes proceeding in the biosphere, changes the living conditions of living organisms and their interrelation. Oil spills need to be prevented for negative impact reduction or, in case of an accident occur, spill need to be stopped and consequences need to be eliminated in a short time. Accident prevention is achieved by observing the requirements and rules of engineering surveys and pipeline design. If the requirements of standards are complied with, the hydrogeological and climatic features of the district are considered during design, construction and operation, the pipeline should work without accidents during the service life. But accidents may occur as a result of human factors, natural calamities and other unexpected circumstances. Oil spill prevention is not simple and not standard task. For time and costs reducing universal tool for oil spill prevention needs to be invented. This tool needs to be used before temporary clamping structure will be installed. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Журнал: Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Выпуск журнала: Vol. 1515, Is. 5
ISSN журнала: 17426588
Издатель: Institute of Physics Publishing52046
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