Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2014
Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.micromeso.2014.04.012
Ключевые слова: Mesostructure, Hydrothermal stability, MCM-41, X-ray diffraction, TEM, Carrier concentration, Electron density measurement, Mesoporous materials, Polycondensation, Silica, Stability, Transmission electron microscopy, X ray diffraction, Adsorption measurement, Electron-density function, Hydrothermal conditions, Hydrothermal stabilities, Hydrothermal treatments, Mesoporous silica materials, Mesostructures, Hydrothermal synthesis
Аннотация: The electron density maps calculated from X-ray diffraction patterns of the mesoporous silica material MCM-41 present averaged mesostructure images which in contrast to transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images are exceptionally repeating and represent the whole sample. It was shown that the averaged mesostructure parameters such as a unit cell parameter, a pore diameter, a wall width, a pore shape estimated from the X-ray powder diffraction data in combination with the continuous electron density function approach allow monitoring continuous set of the silica framework states at different stages of the material synthesis. The mentioned technique supplemented by N-2-adsorption measurements and transmission electron microscopy was applied for consideration of the MCM-41 hydrothermal stability. Attention has been given to the variations of the synthesis conditions affecting the hydrothermal stability, in particular the maintaining the basicity of the synthesis solution as well the substitution of the synthesis solution with water or a salt solution at hydrothermal treatment. The averaged pore shape was observed to be changed from cylindrical to hexagonal-prismatic form. The observed wall thickness was in the range from 0.75 to 1.25 nm. The competition of silica polycondensation and surface hydrolysis was shown to be responsible for the variety of framework geometry and hydrothermal stability. It has been established that the pore diameter increases generally due to the osmotic pressure of water. If the pores acquire the average prismatic hexagonal shape, the sample has low hydrothermal stability. Under the conditions favorable for the polycondensation the pores have averaged cylindrical shape and material demonstrates higher hydrothermal stability. Cooperative mechanism of mesostructure destruction under hydrothermal conditions was observed using TEM data and was discussed in connection with irregular polycondensation. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Журнал: MICROPOROUS AND MESOPOROUS MATERIALS
Выпуск журнала: Vol. 195
Номера страниц: 21-30
ISSN журнала: 13871811
Место издания: AMSTERDAM
Издатель: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
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