A synthesis of radial growth patterns preceding tree mortality

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2017

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13535

Ключевые слова: angiosperms, death, drought, growth, gymnosperms, pathogens, Ring-width, tree mortality

Аннотация: Tree mortality is a key factor influencing forest functions and dynamics, but our understanding of the mechanisms leading to mortality and the associated changes in tree growth rates are still limited. We compiled a new pan-continental tree-ring width database from sites where both dead and living trees were sampled (2970 dead and 4224 living trees from 190 sites, including 36 species), and compared early and recent growth rates between trees that died and those that survived a given mortality event. We observed a decrease in radial growth before death in ca. 84% of the mortality events. The extent and duration of these reductions were highly variable (1–100 years in 96% of events) due to the complex interactions among study species and the source(s) of mortality. Strong and long-lasting declines were found for gymnosperms, shade- and drought-tolerant species, and trees that died from competition. Angiosperms and trees that died due to biotic attacks (especially bark-beetles) typically showed relatively small and short-term growth reductions. Our analysis did not highlight any universal trade-off between early growth and tree longevity within a species, although this result may also reflect high variability in sampling design among sites. The intersite and interspecific variability in growth patterns before mortality provides valuable information on the nature of the mortality process, which is consistent with our understanding of the physiological mechanisms leading to mortality. Abrupt changes in growth immediately before death can be associated with generalized hydraulic failure and/or bark-beetle attack, while long-term decrease in growth may be associated with a gradual decline in hydraulic performance coupled with depletion in carbon reserves. Our results imply that growth-based mortality algorithms may be a powerful tool for predicting gymnosperm mortality induced by chronic stress, but not necessarily so for angiosperms and in case of intense drought or bark-beetle outbreaks.

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Издание

Журнал: Global Change Biology

Выпуск журнала: Т.23, 4

Номера страниц: 1675-1690

ISSN журнала: 13541013

Издатель: John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

Авторы

  • Cailleret M. (ETH, Forest Ecol, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Univ Str 22, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland)
  • Bigler C. (ETH, Forest Ecol, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Univ Str 22, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland)
  • Bugmann H. (ETH, Forest Ecol, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Univ Str 22, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland)
  • Rohner B. (Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Jansen S. (Univ Ulm, Inst Systemat Bot & Ecol, Albert Einstein Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm, Germany)
  • Robert E.M.R. (RMCA, Lab Wood Biol & Xylarium, Leuvensesteenweg 13, B-3080 Tervuren, Belgium)
  • Hereş A.M. (CSIC, Dept Biogeog & Global Change, Natl Museum Nat Hist MNCN, C Serrano 115Bis, Madrid 28006, Spain)
  • Lloret F. (Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Cerdanyola Del Valles 08193, Spain)
  • Martínez-Vilalta J. (Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Cerdanyola Del Valles 08193, Spain)
  • Desoto L. (Univ Coimbra, Dept Life Sci, Ctr Funct Ecol, P-3000456 Coimbra, Portugal)
  • Aakala T. (Univ Helsinki, Dept Forest Sci, POB 27 Latokartanonkaari 7, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland)
  • Minunno F. (Univ Helsinki, Dept Forest Sci, POB 27 Latokartanonkaari 7, FIN-00014 Helsinki, Finland)
  • Antos J.A. (Univ Victoria, Dept Biol, STN CSC, POB 3020, Victoria, BC V8W 3N5, Canada)
  • Beikircher B. (Univ Innsbruck, Inst Bot, Sternwartestr 15, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria)
  • Mayr S. (Univ Innsbruck, Inst Bot, Sternwartestr 15, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria)
  • Oberhuber W. (Univ Innsbruck, Inst Bot, Sternwartestr 15, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria)
  • Caccianiga M. (Univ Milan, Dipartimento Biosci, Via Giovanni Celoria 26, I-20133 Milan, Italy)
  • Čada V. (Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Kamycka 961-129, Prague 16521 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic)
  • Janda P. (Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Kamycka 961-129, Prague 16521 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic)
  • Svoboda M. (Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Kamycka 961-129, Prague 16521 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic)
  • Trotsiuk V. (Czech Univ Life Sci, Fac Forestry & Wood Sci, Kamycka 961-129, Prague 16521 6, Suchdol, Czech Republic)
  • Camarero J.J. (CSIC, IPE, Ave Montanana 1005, Zaragoza 50192, Spain)
  • Sangüesa-Barreda G. (CSIC, IPE, Ave Montanana 1005, Zaragoza 50192, Spain)
  • Cherubini P. (Swiss Fed Inst Forest Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland)
  • Petritan A.M. (Natl Inst Res Dev Forestry Marin Dracea, Eroilor 128, Voluntari 077190, Romania)
  • Cochard H. (Univ Clermont Auvergne, INRA, Unite Mixte Rech UMR PIAF 547, F-63100 Clermont Ferrand, France)
  • Coyea M.R. (Univ Laval, Dept Sci Bois & Foret, Ctr Forest Res, Fac Foresterie Geog & Geomat, 2405 Rue Terrasse, Quebec City, PQ G1V 0A6, Canada)
  • Čufar K. (Univ Ljubljana, Biotech Fac, Jamnikarjeva 101, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia)
  • Das A.J. (US Geol Survey, Western Ecol Res Ctr, 47050 Generals Highway, Three Rivers, CA 93271 USA)
  • Davi H. (INRA, Ecol Forest Mediterraneennes URFM, Site Agroparc, F-84914 Avignon 9, France)
  • Delzon S. (Univ Bordeaux, Unite Mixte Rech UMR BIOGECO 1202, INRA, F-33615 Pessac, France)
  • Torres-Ruiz J.M. (Univ Bordeaux, Unite Mixte Rech UMR BIOGECO 1202, INRA, F-33615 Pessac, France)
  • Dorman M. (Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Dept Geog & Environm Dev, IL-84105 Beer Sheva, Israel)
  • Gea-Izquierdo G. (Inst Nacl Invest & Tecnol Agr & Alimentaria INIA, Ctr Invest Forestal CIFOR, Carretera La Coruna Km 7-5, Madrid 28040, Spain)
  • Gillner S. (TU Berlin, Fachgebiet Vegetat Tech & Pflanzenverwendung, Inst Landschaftsarchitektur & Umweltplanung, D-10623 Berlin, Germany)
  • Haavik L.J. (Univ Kansas, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, 1450 Jayhawk Blvd, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA)
  • Hartmann H. (Max Planck Inst Biogeochem, Hans Knoll Str 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany)
  • Hultine K.R. (Desert Bot Garden, Dept Res Conservat & Collect, 1201 N Galvin Pkwy, Phoenix, AZ USA)
  • Kane J.M. (Humboldt State Univ, Dept Forestry & Wildland Resources, 1 Harpst St, Arcata, CA 95521 USA)
  • Kharuk V.I. (Russian Acad Sci, Siberian Div, Sukachev Inst Forest, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia)
  • Kitzberger T. (Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Invest Biodiversidad & Medio Ambiente INIBOM, Quintral 1250, RA-8400 San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina)
  • Suarez M.L. (Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Invest Biodiversidad & Medio Ambiente INIBOM, Quintral 1250, RA-8400 San Carlos De Bariloche, Rio Negro, Argentina)
  • Klein T. (ARO, Volcani Ctr, Inst Soil Water & Environm Sci, POB 6, IL-50250 Bet Dagan, Israel)
  • Kramer K. (Wageningen Univ, Alterra Green World Res, Droevendaalse Steeg 1, NL-6700 AA Wageningen, Netherlands)
  • Lens F. (Leiden Univ, Nat Biodivers Ctr, POB 9517, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands)
  • Levanic T. (Slovenian Forestry Inst, Dept Yield & Silviculture, Vecna Pot 2, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia)
  • Linares Calderon J.C. (Pablo de Olavide Univ, Dept Phys Chem & Nat Syst, Carretera Utrera Km 1, Seville 41013, Spain)
  • Lobo-Do-Vale R. (Univ Lisbon, Forest Res Ctr, Sch Agr, P-1349017 Lisbon, Portugal)
  • Lombardi F. (Mediterranean Univ Reggio Calabria, Dept Agr Sci, I-89060 Reggio Di Calabria, Italy)
  • López Rodríguez R. (Univ Western Sydney, Hawkesbury Inst Environm, Sci Rd, Richmond, NSW 2753, Australia)
  • Mäkinen H. (Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, Viikinkaari 4, Helsinki 00790, Finland)
  • Mészáros I. (Univ Debrecen, Dept Bot, Fac Sci & Technol, Egyet Ter 1, H-4032 Debrecen, Hungary)
  • Metsaranta J.M. (Nat Resources Canada, Northern Forestry Ctr, Canadian Forest Serv, 5320-122nd St, Edmonton, AB T6H 3S5, Canada)
  • Papadopoulos A. (Technol Educ Inst TEI Stereas Elladas, Dept Forestry & Nat Environm Management, Ag Georgiou 1, Karpenissi 36100, Greece)
  • Peltoniemi M. (Nat Resources Inst Finland Luke, POB 18 Jokiniemenkuja 1, Vantaa 01301, Finland)
  • Sarris D. (Univ Patras, Dept Biol, Div Plant Biol, Patras 26500, Greece)
  • Smith J.M. (Univ Colorado, Dept Geog, Boulder, CO 80309 USA)
  • Stan A.B. (No Arizona Univ, Dept Geog Planning & Recreat, POB 15016, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 USA)
  • Sterck F. (Wageningen Univ, Forest Ecol & Forest Management Grp, Droevendaalsesteeg 3a, NL-6708 PB Wageningen, Netherlands)
  • Stojanović D.B. (Univ Novi Sad, Inst Lowland Forestry & Environm, Antona Cehova 13,POB 117, Novi Sad 21000, Serbia)
  • Tognetti R. (Project Ctr Mt Forests MOUNTFOR, EFI, Via E Mach 1, I-38010 San Michele All Adige, Italy)
  • Villalba R. (CCT CONICET Mendoza, Lab Dendrocronol & Hist Ambiental, Inst Argentino Nivol Glaciol & Ciencias Ambiental, Ave Ruiz Leal S-N,Parque Gen San Martin, RA-5500 Mendoza, Argentina)
  • Vodde F. (Estonian Univ Life Sci, Inst Forestry & Rural Engn, Kreutzwaldi 5, EE-51014 Tartu, Estonia)
  • Westwood A.R. (Estonian Univ Life Sci, Inst Forestry & Rural Engn, Kreutzwaldi 5, EE-51014 Tartu, Estonia)
  • Wyckoff P.H. (Univ Minnesota, 600 East 4th St, Morris, MN 56267 USA)
  • Zafirov N. (Univ Forestry, Kliment Ohridski St 10, Sofia 1756, Bulgaria)

Вхождение в базы данных

  • eLIBRARY.RU (цитирований 42)
  • Scopus (цитирований 73)
  • Web of Science

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