Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2010
Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2010.03.049
Ключевые слова: Shell structure, Cenospheres, Narrow fractions, Non-perforated, Nonmagnetic, Cenospheres, Narrow fractions, Non-perforated, Nonmagnetic, Shell structure, Cenospheres, Chemical compositions, Combustion of coal, Constant composition, Correlation coefficient, Gravitational separation, Heterogeneous region, Inner surfaces, Linear regression equation, Low temperatures, Narrow fractions, Nonmagnetics, Regression equation, Shell structure, Size classification, Technological scheme, Agglomeration, Aluminosilicates, Coal ash, Coal combustion, Fly ash, Magnetic materials, Magnetic separation, Scanning electron microscopy, Shells (structures), Silica, Silicon, Size separation, Aluminum
Аннотация: The relationship between the composition and structure of the shell of low-density non-perforated cenospheres of fly ashes from the combustion of coal from the Kuznetsk Basin (Russia) at temperatures of 1500 and 1650 degrees C has been investigated. Narrow fractions of cenospheres of constant composition have been separated from concentrates with the use of the technological scheme including stages of hydrodynamic gravitational separation, grain-size classification, and magnetic separation. It has been established that the concentrations of the major components of the chemical composition of the products obtained are related by linear regression equations. In particular, the aluminosilicate composition of the non-perforated cenospheres with a low Fe(2)O(3) concentration (2.5-3.5 wt.%) is described by two general regression equations [SiO(2)] = 80 - 0.7 center dot[Al(2)O(3)] and SiO(2)/Al(2)O(3) = 5.54 - 0.12 center dot[Al(2)O(3)] with correlation coefficients of -0.98 and -0.99, respectively. In this case, narrow fractions of products with different Fe(2)O(3) contents are characterized by nearly constant SiO(2)/Al(2)O(3) ratios. The shell structure has been investigated using scanning electron microscopy. It has been revealed that the outer and inner surfaces of globules are covered by a film with a thickness of 30-50 nm. The surface of magnetic cenospheres contains heterogeneous regions with extended linear ferrospinel aggregates of crystallites with sizes ranging from 50 to 1000 nm. It has been shown that the size of globules and the thickness and porosity of the shell in each series depend on the composition of the melt from which they are formed and on its viscosity. Nonmagnetic cenospheres are formed from the high-silica K-Al-Si melt with the SiO(2)/Al(2)O(3) ratio varying over a wide range (1.6-3.6). Narrow fractions of magnetic cenospheres formed at low temperatures (1500 degrees C) are characterized by nearly constant SiO(2)/Al(2)O(3) ratios. Globules of this type are formed from two immiscible high-silica K-Al-Si and Fe-Al-Si melts. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Выпуск журнала: Vol. 89, Is. 8
Номера страниц: 1849-1862
ISSN журнала: 00162361
Место издания: OXFORD
Издатель: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
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