Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2009
Ключевые слова: cultural policy, applied culture studies, culture, anthropology, philosophy of culture
Аннотация: Culture is of more and more importance in consciousness and life activity of the modern society. And culture is comprehended not only in the true sense of the word as a result of intellectual creation, but it is understood at the level of common human sense: cultureness means decency, accomplishment, tact, and intelligence. It is the authors opinion that nowadays «culture studies» are of particular importance as a scientific discipline still being in a formative stage in spite of numerous investigations on culture both in Russia and abroad. The author focuses his attention on consideration of two main approaches to the investigations on culture: Western and Russian. Culture studies are formed adjoining many sciences integrating knowledge of different sciences on culture into integral system, representing the ideas about essence, functions, structure, and dynamics of culture as such, modeling cultural configurations of different epochs, nations, confessions, classes, discovering and systemizing distinctive features of different cultural worlds. Concerning realization of the creative potential of culture, the author pays a great deal of attention to the necessity for integration of various kinds of knowledge about this sphere of spiritual life in the context of integrated scientific discipline - applied culture studies as a peculiar bridge introducing an individual or the human community into the world of culture. The subject of applied culture studies is specified by cultural policy as a complex dynamic system of interaction between state authorities, society, and culture (as an object of that policy) as complex of points of view and activity in thorough modernization of society based on science, structural reform of the whole system of institutions of culture, optimization of combination of state and social components in socio-cultural life, scientific and educational support of the subsequent regulation of socio-cultural processes, etc., on the whole, as conscious correction of the general content of culture. The conclusion drawn in the end of the article is that cultural policy should be aimed at the achievement of harmonious development of the country based on the correct scientific organization and administration of the society; it is to eliminate inequality in cultural development of an individual and society and reduce the level of irresponsiveness to culture and cultural dilettantism of the mass. It should express interests of every individual and the entire nation, guarantee human rights of free and independent development, correct balance of interests of different social groups.
Журнал: Журнал Сибирского федерального университета. Серия: Гуманитарные и социальные науки
Выпуск журнала: Т. 2, № 3
Номера страниц: 323-335
ISSN журнала: 19971370
Место издания: Красноярск
Издатель: Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования Сибирский федеральный университет
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