Fatty acid and elemental composition of littoral "green tide" algae from the Gulf of Finland, the Baltic Sea

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2015

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1007/s10811-014-0349-8

Ключевые слова: Green tides, Coastal eutrophication, Essential PUFA, Cladophora glomerata, Ulva intestinalis, Cladophora glomerata, Coastal eutrophication, Essential PUFA, Green tides, Ulva intestinalis

Аннотация: Coastal eutrophication leads to a shift in primary producer communities from perennial species to ephemeral fast-growing species of macroalgae, which is known as "green tides" phenomenon. In brackish water habitats of the Baltic Sea, the opportunistic green algae, Cladophora glomerata and Ulva intestinalis, replaced the brown alga Fucus vesiculosus, while in freshwater estuarine parts they replaced epilithic microalgae. We studied Baltic populations of the macroalgae, C. glomerata and U. intestinalis, and epilithic and epiphytic microalgae, with respect to their nutritive quality, such as content of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and elemental composition. Fatty acid profiles of the two macroalgae were significantly different, including levels of essential PUFAs. We found a relatively high content of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) in C. glomerata biomass (4.14 mg g(-1) C), whereas U. intestinalis had a lower value (0.45 mg g(-1) C). Comparison with literature data showed that C. glomerata appeared to be a more valuable food for potential invertebrate consumers in respect to EPA content and stoichiometric C/P ratio than perennial F. vesiculosus and U. intestinalis. Thus, replacement of F. vesiculosus and epilithic microalgae by C. glomerata would not decrease the potential nutritive value of coastal algal communities for invertebrates. In turn, if U. intestinalis dominate in algal community, the nutritive value of primary producers in coastal zone would decrease. However, in following works, other important indicators of nutritive value, such as sterols and amino acids, should be included in the estimations of green tide algae species.

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Издание

Журнал: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 27, Is. 1

Номера страниц: 375-386

ISSN журнала: 09218971

Место издания: DORDRECHT

Издатель: SPRINGER

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