Expert environmental assessment, specific for indigenous peoples of Siberian Arctic (On the basis of Krasnoyarsk Region)

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2017

Ключевые слова: Arctic Regions, Ethnology, Minority Groups, Resource Allocation, Siberia

Аннотация: The article presents the results of long-term (2010-2016) integrated field studies in the Siberian Arctic, the Krasnoyarsk Territory, that is densely populated with indigenous peoples (Evenki, Evens, Selkups, chum, Dolgans, Nenets, Chulyms). All the world's indigenous peoples are particularly vulnerable in situations of global transformation and urbanization. Indigenous peoples of the Siberian Arctic live in areas that are actively being reclaimed by modern mining companies. The cultural heritage of indigenous peoples includes the unique biological and socio-ecological practices connected, in particular, with the domestic nomadic reindeer breeding. The author of the article organized the Delphi - survey of 127 experts, for which a special questionnaire has been developed, including issues, critical situations, critical technologies that are typical for Siberian Arctic, where indigenous peoples live. It is possible to model three main scenarios of the environmental situation of indigenous peoples of Siberian Arctic based on analysis of the experts' responses. The main conclusions of the experts, which included representatives of the North and Siberian indigenous peoples, connected with the greatest probability of the pessimistic scenario, according to which environmental risks would increase, and the cultural heritage of indigenous peoples would disappear together with its carriers. The development of environmental rights of indigenous peoples and special efforts to preserve the unique environmental practices in areas of traditional nature (TTN) is necessary for overcoming the pessimistic scenario. At the same time, a modern legislative framework for the formation of TTN in the Krasnoyarsk region is virtually absent. It is recommended to improve the legislative framework in the field of environmental law as well as the intensification of strategic partnership between the civil society organizations of indigenous peoples of Siberian Arctic and representatives of mining companies working in that region.

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Издание

Журнал: Human Ecology (Russian Federation)

Выпуск журнала: Is. 6

Номера страниц: 30-35

ISSN журнала: 17280869

Издатель: Northern State Medical University

Авторы

  • Koptseva N.P. (Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation)

Вхождение в базы данных

  • Scopus (цитирований 2)

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