Bioluminescent enzyme inhibition-based assay to predict the potential toxicity of carbon nanomaterials

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2017

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2017.08.022

Ключевые слова: nanotoxicity, Enzyme inhibition-based assay, bioluminescence, luciferase, nanomaterials, nanotubes

Аннотация: A bioluminescent enzyme inhibition-based assay was applied to predict the potential toxicity of carbon nanomaterials (CNM) presented by single- and multi-walled nanotubes (SWCNT and MWCNT) and aqueous solutions of hydrated fullerene С60 (C60HyFn). This assay specifically detects the influence of substances on parameters of the soluble or immobilised coupled enzyme system of luminescent bacteria: NAD(P)Н:FMN-oxidoreductase + luciferase (Red + Luc). A protocol based on the optical properties of CNM for correcting the results of the bioluminescent assay was also developed. It was shown that the inhibitory activity of CNM on Red + Luc decreased in the following order: MWCNT > SWCNT > C60HyFn. The soluble enzyme system Red + Luc had high sensitivity to MWCNT and SWCNT, with values of the inhibition parameter IC50 equal to 0.012 and 0.16 mg/L, respectively. The immobilised enzyme system was more vulnerable to C60HyFn than its soluble form, with an IC50 equal to 1.4 mg/L. Due to its technical simplicity, rapid response time and high sensitivity, this bioluminescent method has the potential to be developed as a general enzyme inhibition-based assay for a wide variety of nanomaterials.

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Издание

Журнал: Toxicology in Vitro

Выпуск журнала: Т.45, №

Номера страниц: 128-133

ISSN журнала: 08872333

Издатель: Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc.

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