Fire protection in the Russian empire in the second half of the 19th century: Main contradictions and search for development pathways | Научно-инновационный портал СФУ

Fire protection in the Russian empire in the second half of the 19th century: Main contradictions and search for development pathways

Тип публикации: доклад, тезисы доклада, статья из сборника материалов конференций

Конференция: 2020 International Symposium on Earth Sciences: History, Contemporary Issues and Prospects, ESHCIP 2020

Год издания: 2020

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/579/1/012166

Аннотация: This paper considers the peculiarities of legal regulation for three types of fire brigades in the 19th-century Russian Empire. It describes the formation of the fire protection service, one of the first public emergency response services. The authors reveal contradictions in the management system and legal status of fire brigades in Russia. They focus on the classification of fire brigades in the Russian Empire by dividing them into state police and public fire brigades. The paper also considers the public project of establishing a single centralized body of state fire protection management in the Russian Empire. To accomplish this, the archival materials of Count Sheremet'ev's personal papers and the papers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Empire are analyzed. The authors conclude that Russian state, though aware of the need for reform in fire protection, could not effectively implement it. The reform project prepared by Bogdanovich and Sheremet'ev was not implemented because of poor interaction between the state and public firefighting services of the country. © 2020 Institute of Physics Publishing. All rights reserved.

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Издание

Журнал: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 579, Is. 1

Номера страниц: 12166

ISSN журнала: 17551307

Издатель: IOP Publishing Ltd

Авторы

  • Malko A.V. (Saratov State Law Academy, 1, Volskaya St., Saratov, 410056, Russian Federation)
  • Nemchenko S.B. (Saint Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, 149, Moskovsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 196105, Russian Federation)
  • Smirnova A.A. (Saint Petersburg University of State Fire Service of EMERCOM of Russia, 149, Moskovsky ave., Saint Petersburg, 196105, Russian Federation)
  • Panchenko V.Y. (Siberian Federal University, 79, Svobodny ave., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation, Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, 90, Mira Ave., Krasnoyarsk, 660049, Russian Federation, Federal Siberian Research and Clinical Center FMBA, 26, Kolomenskaya Str., Krasnoyarsk, 660037, Russian Federation, Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, 15a, Narvskaya Str., Moscow, 125130, Russian Federation)
  • Makarchuk I.Y. (Siberian Federal University, 79, Svobodny ave., Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation, Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, 90, Mira Ave., Krasnoyarsk, 660049, Russian Federation)

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