Год издания: 2017
Ключевые слова: Biological and physical/mechanical properties, Cell proliferation, Electrospinning, Nonwoven membranes, Pha, Scaffolds, Skin regeneration, Ultrafine fibers, Wound dressings
Аннотация: An integrated study has been performed to investigate the process of formation of ultrafine fibers and nonwoven membranes by electrospinning from natural degradable polymers-polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs); physical, mechanical, and biological properties of the products have been studied. Then, electrospinning was used to prepare ultrafine fibers from PHAs with different compositions: P(3HB) and its copolymers P(3HB-co-4HB), P(3HB-co-3HV), and P(3HB-co-3HHx). The main process parameters, that influence UF-fiber diameter and properties of fibrous non-woven membranes) (polymer concentration, solution feeding rate, working distance, and applied voltage), were investigated and their effects evaluated. This study was the first to compare biological and physical/mechanical parameters of PHAs with different chemical compositions as dependent upon the fractions of monomers, constituting the polymers and fiber orientation. Electrospun polymer membranes, prepared from the [P(3HB-co-4HB)], were tested as wound dressings. The developed nonwoven membranes can be used as the equivalent of collagen skine dressings in the treatment of burns of degree II. Experiments on laboratory animals with model skin defects showed, that the membranes fitted the wound shape good, protected the wound from external influences, and facilitated wound healing, promoting fast repair. The successful experiments on laboratory animals were followed by pilot clinical trials of nanomembranes, comprised of PHA membranes as wound dressings in the treatment of septic wounds. During the regeneration phase, PHA membranes served as a scaffold for the new tissue on the skin and filled out soft tissue defects. The formation of the uniform and sufficiently vascularized tissue is a prerequisite for quicker wound healing and can serve as a basis for the subsequent skin grafting and spontaneous re-epithelialization of superficial wounds. The wound dressing, tested in this clinical trial, performs important physiological functions of natural skin, provides a barrier against secondary infection, reduces fluid loss, and, at the same time, does not keep the air out. © 2017 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Журнал: Electrospinning and Electroplating: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications
Номера страниц: 1-56
Издатель: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
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