Тип публикации: статья из журнала
Год издания: 2019
Ключевые слова: demobilization, reconversion, restoration of the national economy, Ussr, World War II
Аннотация: The relevance of the problem stated in the article is explained by the fact that the transcripts and decisions of party and Soviet authorities of Krasnoyarsk Krai on meeting of the demobilized soldiers of the Red Army after the end of World War II were collected and analyzed for the first time. The article examines the socio-economic processes in the Soviet Union of the postwar era, associated with the mass demobilization of the Red Army personnel in 1945-1948, since the number of the army in these years decreased from 11 million to 2.8 million people. The leading method in the study of this problem is the historical method, thanks to which it was possible to show that the specialists returning to peaceful labor were extremely in demand in the context of the reconversion of the national economy. On the basis of studying the documents of the State Archive of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, it became known that state and public organizations of the USSR regions, including the Krasnoyarsk Krai, systematically and purposefully lined up work on the socio-economic arrangement of demobilized soldiers. The documents of the party and Soviet bodies noted the need for a solemn meeting of the victorious soldiers and solving their housing and everyday problems, as well as assistance in finding employment. The article proved that, despite the financial and material difficulties of the postwar period, the crop failure and the famine that followed it, the population of the Krasnoyarsk Krai adequately met demobilized soldiers who heroically defended the independence and sovereignty of the state. The materials of the article suggest practical significance for university professors of historical specialties.
Журнал: Astra Salvensis
Номера страниц: 209-618
ISSN журнала: 23934727
Издатель: Transilvanian Association for the Literarure and Culture of Romanian People (ASTRA)
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