National Idea in Russia: Cultural and Historical Genesis and Factors of Actualization

Перевод названия: Национальная идея в России: культурно-исторический генезис и факторы актуализации

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2019

Идентификатор DOI: 10.17516/1997-1370-0437

Ключевые слова: national idea, cultural revolution, ideal, socio-cultural norm, russian classical literature, SOVIET literature, proletarian humanism, Soviet person, literary female image, национальная идея, культурная революция, идеал, социокультурная норма, русская классическая литература, советская литература, пролетарский гуманизм, советский человек, женский литературный образ

Аннотация: The article is devoted to the problem of national idea in Russia in the context of sustainable cultural meanings. The subject of this research is determined by actualization in the modern Russian public consciousness of various, sometimes contradictory, ideological concepts originating both in pre-revolutionary times and in the Soviet period. The article questions the well-known thesis that proletarian Cultural Revolution meant complete destruction of Russian traditional culture. The purpose of the current research, thus, is to clarify philosophical-cultural nature of fundamental national ideas of various eras in the Russian history. Through the example of literary process of 19th - 20th centuries Russia by the method of comparative philosophical-literary and cultural analysis using semiotic and phenomenological approaches, the article reveals the unity and difference of contexts of the Russian national idea of different eras; the aspects of its major cultural meanings, features of their transformation and actualization in the 20th and 21st centuries are specified. The hypothesis has been confirmed that in various epochs of Russian culture the presence of its stable elements - deeply rooted national-semantic “matrix” - is traced. Its connection with thoughts expressed by the philosophers, writers and politicians of different eras is stated. As a result, it is argued that this connection has led to the fact that such thoughts acquire the status of national ideas. The conclusion that the connection with main semantic centers of national culture - affirming or denying - actualizes the ideas of previous eras in the historical perspective of the national identity development, can be used in scientific research on this issue, in corresponding courses in history, political science and cultural studies, as well as in the practice of modern social process in Russia.

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Издание

Журнал: Журнал Сибирского федерального университета. Серия: Гуманитарные науки

Выпуск журнала: Т.12, 6

Номера страниц: 996-1016

ISSN журнала: 19971370

Место издания: Красноярск

Издатель: Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования Сибирский федеральный университет

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