Feasibility of incorporating all products of human waste processing into material cycling in the btlss

Тип публикации: доклад, тезисы доклада, статья из сборника материалов конференций

Конференция: 68th International Astronautical Congress: Unlocking Imagination, Fostering Innovation and Strengthening Security, IAC 2017; Adelaide, SA; Adelaide, SA

Год издания: 2017

Аннотация: The present study addresses the ways to increase the closure of biotechnical life support systems (BTLSS) for space applications. A promising method of organic waste processing based on wet combustion in hydrogen peroxide developed at the IBP SB RAS to produce fertilizers for higher plants is discussed. The method is relatively compact, energy efficient, productive, and eco-friendly. However, about 4-6 g/L of recalcitrant sediment containing such essential nutrients as Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Mn, and Zn precipitates after the initial process. These elements are unavailable to plants grown hydroponically, thus dropping out of the cycling as deadlock products. Possible methods of dissolving that sediment have been studied. Results of experiments show that the most promising method is additional oxidation of the sediment in HNO3 + H2O2. By using the new technological process, which only involves substances synthesized inside the BTLSS material flows, more than 90% of each nutrient can be converted into the available form in irrigation solutions, thus returning them into the material cycling. The efficiency of irrigation solutions beneficiated with the mineral nutrients after the sediment dissolution has been shown. Lettuce plants grown as the test object on the newly prepared irrigation solutions produced the yield that was higher more than twice compared to the nutrient solutions prepared without the sediment conversion into a soluble state. Composition of the gases emitted during this process has been analysed. Dynamics of oxidation of small fractions of a wax-like sediment remaining after its dissolution in the BTLSS soil-like substrate has been studied. In conclusion, the entire technological chain aimed at inclusion of deadlock products of human waste wet combustion into the BTLSS cycling has been suggested and discussed.

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Издание

Журнал: Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC

Выпуск журнала: 4

Номера страниц: 2143-2149

Авторы

  • Morozov Y.A. (Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology)
  • Trifonov S.V. (Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology)
  • Ushakova S.A. (Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology)
  • Anishchenko O.V. (Institute of Biophysics SB RAS,Federal Research Center,Krasnoyarsk Science Center SB RAS)
  • Tikhomirov A.A. (Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology)

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