"Little Speransky" of Siberia: on the Activities of Yakutsk, Yenisei Governor Ivan Kraft from 1906 to 1914

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2018

Идентификатор DOI: 10.13187/bg.2018.3.1287

Ключевые слова: Ivan Kraft, governors of the Russian Empire, modernization, Siberian non-Russians, Turgai oblast, Yenisei province, Yakutsk Region, siberia

Аннотация: The contribution of the governor Ivan Kraft to the socio-economic, political and cultural development of the Yakutsk region, the Yenisei province and Siberia, as a whole, at the beginning of the 20th century was considered in the article. On the basis of a detailed analysis of literature, pre-revolutionary periodicals, as well as an array of archival material, often first introduced into scientific circulation and raised in the State Archives of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the National Archives of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), a conclusion was made about the high degree of professionalism of I. Kraft, a manager who held a provincial post in Siberia at such a difficult time in Russian history. The comparison of the information from the literature with archival materials showed that at the end of the governor's term in the Yakut region this territory reached a new, more advanced level of civilizational development, the Yakut population and the Russian population became familiar with the benefits of modern society, the level and quality of life increased due to the development of education, health care, social security. Short life in the post of the Yenisei governor, compared with the Yakut governor, was no less successful for the history of the Yenisei province. From 1913 to 1914 Central Siberia had exemplary indicators on the policy of combating wholesale drunkenness among the inhabitants of Siberia and Russia as a whole, which was explained by the personal participation of the governor in organizing and carrying out concrete actions. I. Kraft's contribution to the solution of the alien issue in Siberia and the Central Asian Russian regions was assessed by the central government structures and the scientific community, which enabled him to become a member of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society and to earn a memory among grateful descendants.

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Издание

Журнал: Былые годы. Российский исторический журнал

Выпуск журнала: 49

Номера страниц: 1287-1295

ISSN журнала: 20739745

Место издания: Сочи

Издатель: федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего образования "Сочинский государственный университет"

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