Seasonal distribution and fatty acid composition of littoral microalgae in the Yenisei River

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2010

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1007/s10811-009-9418-9

Ключевые слова: Fatty acids, Riverine microalgae, Taxa composition, Temperature adaptations, Fatty acids, Riverine microalgae, Taxa composition, Temperature adaptations, algae, Bacillariophyta, Chlorophyta, Cyanobacteria

Аннотация: We studied fatty acid (FA) composition of littoral microalgae in the fast-flowing oligotrophic river, the Yenisei, Siberia, monthly for 3 years. Seasonal dynamics of species composition had similar patterns in all the studied years. In springs, a pronounced dominance of filamentous green algae occurred, in summer and autumn diatoms were abundant, and in late autumn and winter epilithic biofilms consisted primarily of cyanobacteria and detritus. In general, FA composition of the algal periphytic community was dominated by 16:0, 16:1 omega 7, 20:5 omega 3, 14:0, and 18:3 omega 3 throughout the studied period. Several groups of FAs, which had peculiar seasonal dynamics, were differentiated by statistical analysis based on a method of correlation graphs. The seasonal changes in FA composition could be partly explained by the seasonal succession of species composition of the community. Besides, we found that populations of both diatom and green algae grown in summer at a higher water temperature were lower in polyunsaturated fatty acids than those in spring, at a lower temperature. Hence, we suppose that the regular seasonal dynamics of FA composition of the studied littoral microalgae was driven both by changes in species composition and by temperature adaptations of the algal populations. The highest content of essential polyunsaturated FAs, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids, in the spring "psychrophilic" populations of diatoms could make them of the higher nutritive value for zoobenthic primary consumers.

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Издание

Журнал: JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 22, Is. 1

Номера страниц: 11-24

ISSN журнала: 09218971

Место издания: DORDRECHT

Издатель: SPRINGER

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