First dendro-archaeological evidence of a completely excavated medieval settlement in the extreme north of Western Siberia

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2017

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2017.05.004

Ключевые слова: archaeology, construction timber, dendrochronology, population dynamics, settlement history, Tree-ring dating, western Siberia, Yamal peninsula

Аннотация: The Buchta Nakhodka settlement is the only archaeological site in the northern part of Western Siberia that has been fully excavated. This well-preserved settlement on Russia's Yamal Peninsula around 67° N and 72° E, however, has not yet been calendar dated, and the cultural identity of its inhabitants still remains unknown. Here we apply, for the first time, dendrochronological techniques to absolutely date 13 of the most important archaeological timbers from the Buchta Nakhodka settlement. Statistical robust cross-dating results place the construction into the second quarter of the 13th century. The Buchta Nakhodka settlement reveals no obvious connection with the modern, nomadic population of Yamal, the Nenets. Together with a careful literature review, this study indicates that the closest construction techniques and subsequent settlement forms can be found on Iceland and across northern Fennoscandia, where Sami people are building their houses in a similar way. Our combined archaeological, dendrochronological, ethnographical and (archaeo)zoological evidence suggests that the ancient inhabitants of Buchta Nakhodka were closely related to the Sihirtya people that were often mentioned in ancient Nenets folklore as legendary people who inhabited the Yamal Peninsula previously. In providing unique insights into the medieval settlement history of the northern part of Western Siberia, we hope to encourage further interdisciplinary research projects to be launched at Eurasia's high-northern latitudes.

Ссылки на полный текст

Издание

Журнал: Dendrochronologia

Выпуск журнала: Т. 44

Номера страниц: 146-152

ISSN журнала: 11257865

Издатель: Urban & Fischer

Авторы

  • Sidorova M.O. (Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS)
  • Myglan V.S. (Siberian Federal University)
  • Kardash O.V. (Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS)
  • Büntgen U. (CzechGlobe and Department of Geography,Masaryk University)
  • Omurova G.T. (Central-Asian Institute for Applied Geosciences)

Вхождение в базы данных

Информация о публикациях загружается с сайта службы поддержки публикационной активности СФУ. Сообщите, если заметили неточности.

Вы можете отметить интересные фрагменты текста, которые будут доступны по уникальной ссылке в адресной строке браузера.