Compound-Specific Carbon Isotopes and Concentrations of Carbohydrates and Organic Acids as Indicators of Tree Decline in Mountain Pine : сборник научных трудов

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2018

Идентификатор DOI: 10.3390/f9060363

Ключевые слова: tree needles, declining trees, water shortage, Compound-Specific Isotope Analysis (CSIA), climate

Аннотация: We investigated seasonal variations in C-13 values and concentrations of carbohydrates and organic acids in needles of declining and healthy mountain pine (Pinus mugo ssp. uncinata (DC.) Domin) trees from the Swiss National Park (SNP), using compound-specific isotopes analysis (CSIA). Our goal was to study the impact of climatic drivers on the individual compounds and understand the reasons of partial tree declines in relation to healthy mountain pine trees under seasonal weather patterns. We found that temperature is the main climatic driver determining the seasonal carbon dynamics at the needle level. Lower seasonal C-13 variability and lower concentration levels of sucrose in needles suggest less photosynthetic activity and sink carbon demand in declining compared to healthy mountain pine trees. Higher concentration levels of hexose (glucose and fructose) can play a reserve function for surviving mechanisms of mountain pine trees. Seasonal patterns of organic acid (malate and citrate) suggest an increasing investment in maintenance and repair mechanisms. The seasonal course of carbohydrates and organic acids can therefore be considered an indicator for a modified carbon metabolism within the leaves and possibly within the other tree tissues, partially explaining the decline of mountain pine trees.

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Издание

Журнал: FORESTS

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 9, Is. 6

Номера страниц: 363

ISSN журнала: 19994907

Место издания: BASEL

Издатель: MDPI

Авторы

  • Churakova (Sidorova) Olga V. (Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Forest Ecol, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Univ Str 16, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland; Univ Geneva, Inst Environm Sci, Climate Impacts & Risks Anthropocene C CIA, Climat Change & Climate Impacts, 66 Blvd Carl Vogt, CH-1205 Geneva, Switzerland; Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Svobodny Pr 79, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Lehmann Marco M. (Swiss Fed Inst Forest, Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland; Paul Scherrer Inst, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland)
  • Saurer Matthias (Swiss Fed Inst Forest, Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland; Paul Scherrer Inst, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland)
  • Fonti Marina V. (Siberian Fed Univ, Inst Ecol & Geog, Svobodny Pr 79, Krasnoyarsk 660041, Russia)
  • Siegwolf Rolf T. W. (Swiss Fed Inst Forest, Snow & Landscape Res WSL, Zurcherstr 111, CH-8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland; Paul Scherrer Inst, CH-5232 Villigen, Switzerland)
  • Bigler Christof (Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Forest Ecol, Inst Terr Ecosyst, Dept Environm Syst Sci, Univ Str 16, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland)

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