DENDROECOLOGICAL RESEARCH OF TREES GROWING ON PERMAFROST IN SIBERIA, RUSSIA

Тип публикации: доклад, тезисы доклада, статья из сборника материалов конференций

Конференция: International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference (SGEM 2016); Albena, BULGARIA; Albena, BULGARIA

Год издания: 2016

Ключевые слова: permafrost, conifers, tree radial growth, tree-ring parameters, climatic response, GROWTH, LARCH, TEMPERATURE, RINGS

Аннотация: The boreal forest accounts for approximately 22% of the Northern Hemisphere landmass with nearly 40% of this huge biome growing on continuously frozen soils. Projected climate change leading to degradation of permafrost and increasing drought situation at high latitudes in Eurasia will seriously affect productivity of forests on permafrost. Here we present the results of an on-going research of tree radial growth in the midst of the permafrost zone in Siberia, Russia (Tura region, 64 degrees N, 100 degrees E, 140-610 m a.s.1.). Tree-ring width and density chronologies of Gmelin larch and Siberian spruce from a great variety of sites characterized by different thermo-hydrological regime of soils are analyzed. The obtained results reveal that current tree radial growth and tree-ring structure in permafrost region in Siberia are largely dependent on local site conditions and may be constrained by low air and soil temperatures as well as soil water availability. Varying climatic responses and seasonal radial growth of trees at different habitats indicate a range of possible scenarios of further development of northern larch stands. Forest fire is another important factor strongly affecting tree stand dynamics and forest ecosystem functioning in the continuous permafrost zone. Analysis of tree-ring parameters indicate that post-fire dynamics of tree-ring structure is in accordance with the changes in habitat conditions caused by removal by fire and then gradual recovery of ground vegetation resulting in an alteration in soil active layer depth. In general, the results of this multi-proxy analysis for trees growing under various conditions in the continuous permafrost zone in Siberia allow assumptions about changes in tree productivity, stand dynamics and therefore carbon uptake under projected climate change and permafrost degradation.

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Издание

Журнал: WATER RESOURCES, FOREST, MARINE AND OCEAN ECOSYSTEMS CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, SGEM 2016, VOL II

Номера страниц: 517-524

ISSN журнала: 13142704

Место издания: SOFIA

Издатель: STEF92 TECHNOLOGY LTD

Авторы

  • Kirdyanov Alexander V. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest, SB, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Krasnoyarsk, Russia;; )
  • Bryukhanova Marina V. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest, SB, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Krasnoyarsk, Russia;; )
  • Knorre Anastasia A. (Natl Nat Reserve Stolby, Krasnoyarsk, Russia)
  • Tabakova Maria A. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest, SB, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Krasnoyarsk, Russia;; )
  • Prokushkin Anatoly S. (RAS, VN Sukachev Inst Forest, SB, Krasnoyarsk, Russia;; )

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