Mixed-species versus monocultures in plantation forestry: Development, benefits, ecosystem services and perspectives for the future

Тип публикации: статья из журнала

Год издания: 2018

Идентификатор DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2018.e00419

Ключевые слова: Agroforestry, Complementary trait, Ecosystem services, Mixed-species, Monoculture, Species diversity

Аннотация: Plantation forests are increasing rapidly in the world in order to alleviate deforestation and degradation of natural forests, along with providing various goods and services. While monoculture plantations have been the dominant type of plantation in practice and well-recorded in research, in the face of intensifying climate change and resource scarcity, there is a growing interest in mixed-species plantations. Agroforestry systems are also catching the attention of foresters, smallholders and landowners. However, there are relatively limited number of studies on successful species mixtures. This paper first reviews the progression of monocultures and mixed-species, followed by the comparisons of advantages, disadvantages and effects on the surrounding natural ecosystems between these two types of plantations. The paper further investigates combinations of species with complementary traits for efficient use of limiting resources associated with improvement in growth development and production of tree species, as well as examining some other challenges in mixed-species. In addition, it is helpful to select and combine tree/crop species in mixtures based on complementary traits that maximise positive and minimise negative interactions and using the advance molecular technologies for genetic analysis. With careful design and proper management, mixed-species plantations with two, three or four species can be more productive and have more advantages in biodiversity, economy and forest health over monocultures. Many researchers are still working on different projects to explore the potential benefits and to promote the applications of mixed-species plantations and agroforestry. © 2018 The Authors

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Издание

Журнал: Global Ecology and Conservation

Выпуск журнала: Vol. 15

Номера страниц: 00419

ISSN журнала: 23519894

Издатель: Elsevier B.V.

Авторы

  • Liu Corsa Lok Ching (Georg August Univ Gottingen, Dept Forest Genet & Forest Tree Breeding, Busgenweg 2, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany)
  • Kuchma Oleksandra (Georg August Univ Gottingen, Dept Forest Genet & Forest Tree Breeding, Busgenweg 2, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany)
  • Krutovsky Konstantin V. (Georg August Univ Gottingen, Dept Forest Genet & Forest Tree Breeding, Busgenweg 2, D-37077 Gottingen, Germany; Russian Acad Sci, NI Vavilov Inst Gen Genet, Lab Populat Genet, 3 Gubkina Str, Moscow 119991, Russia; Siberian Fed Univ, Lab Forest Genom, Genome Res & Educ Ctr, 50a-2 Akademgorodok, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia; Texas A&M Univ, Dept Ecosyst Sci & Management, 305 Hort & Forest Sci Bldg, College Stn, TX 77843 USA)

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